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BESAKIH TEMPLE

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Besakih Temple and Tenganan Village

A full day tour visiting Kerta Gosha, the ancient house of justice. This was constructed in 18th century by the highest king of Bali. Traditional punishment of the lawless action is depicted on the ceiling of the pavilion. Besakih temple located on the foot of the highest mountain in Bali that is Mount Agung. The temple is consist of 18 complexes as the reflection of the mixed believes between Indian Hindu and Balinese ancestors worship. You have to walk from parking area to the temple, and for the active person it can take one and quarter hour. Tenganan village which residents is originated from first or second migration that entered Bali. They maintain a unique tradition such as “ gringsing “ double ikat (double weaving) cloth, palm leave writing and some family utensils. Goa Lawah is a temple on the mouth of a cave. The cave is believed to go though up to Besakih temple, but none so far dare enough to prove this. On the mouth of the temple are hanging hundreds of fruits bats. Lunch will be served at local restaurant.
Duration 9 hours good time 08.30 – 17.30 harga

Besakih temple located on the foot of highest mountain of Bali, Mount Agung. The temple has around 17 temple complexes with more or less 250 shrines in all the temple complexes. This become the biggest temple in Bali. Almost all Balinese praying to the temple, since in the course of history, the kingdom of Klungkung is considered the highest kingdom in Bali. Each kingdom in Bali developed 3 basic temples, first dedicated and located on the sea, second located on the city or near the palace, and the third is on the mountain. So basically each kingdom managed 3 temples, dedicated to the sea, city, and mountain. In the past Besakih temple was probably mountain temple, as in the center of Klungkung city there is already a big temple as state temple located in the city, just on the side of famous Kerta Gosha ancient court house of justice. Tenganan village is around 20 kms away from Klungkung city located in the lowland protected two mountain walls as the protection of the assaulters in the past. The location is very strategic in the view of conflict between groups. Today Tenganan Pegringsingan village is known as one of the popular tour visit to East Bali with their traditional gringsing cloth and handicraft of writing on the palm leaves and weaving.

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POPULAR TOURS

Among various tour packages and tour options in Bali there are some tours which can be said always on the publications and interest a large part of travellers to Bali. Kintamani mountain tour sits at the first number as the most popular sightseeing tour, second is Taman Ayun and Tanah Lot tour, third is Uluwatu temple tour. List of these choice is presented at other page List




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Besakih Temple During the kingdom of Middle Bali from 1343 AD to 17th, a kingdom established by Mahapahit, Besakih was mentioned as main temple and it was probably during this period the temple was added and rebuilt with many new shrines. The palace at the beginning was located at Samprangan, now Gianyar city, and later moved to Klungkung. When Bali was broken into many smaller kingdoms, each of their king still considered king of Klungkung as the highest ruler in Bali, and claimed to have their origin from Klungkung. Since Besakih was a state temple of Klungkung, then each of the smaller kingdom felt obliged to worship at the temple. Each smaller kingdoms and the main clans of Bali built their ancestral temple ( Bali : Padharman Temple ) around Besakih area, so the complex has become bigger and bigger. According to the inventory made by Institute Hindu Dharma Denpasar, there are 18 temple complexes with total shrines around 202. See more

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