Balinese girl or gadis Bali is often become serious talk
among people at the informal
discussion of their fate in the midst of cultural changes experienced by the island.
Balinese is descendant of mixed Malay just as Javanese and Lombok or Sasak people
and the rest of Indonesian, but archaeologically suspected that Balinese is more
mixed blood then what was thought before. The proof of Melanesian line in Bali
has been found during many excavations by archaeologists on the western tip of
the island at present town of Gilimanuk, Desa Petang at the center of Bali, and
Payangan near Ubud and some were found at Pejeng area also near Ubud. Indication
of Mongoloid is also strong which is proved by the existence of Chinese influence
both in culture and family ties to many of people, beside the fact that migrant
from Asia mainland traces have been found in the form of ancient temple architectures,
stone sculptures, and even more earlier stage of metal age of bronze era and greatly
supported by the linguistic study. That is why among Balinese can be found mixed
colors, from bright to dark brown with curling hairs. But black is absent, while
dark brown with curling air is very rare but still can be found. Body size is
relatively small with the average height 160 cm before 20th century, and today
younger generation tend to grow higher but slender which reaches he average of
170 cm. That is also the tendency of girls growth in Bali, that is higher then
In old days girls or women in general has no equal position with the men or boys. The foolish tradition of Bali in the past considered girls were not equal with the boys was due to the fact of patriarchart society, not because of taboo consideration such as certain religion or beliefs do, as most other tribes and even religion that is still preserves the idea of inferior women. The girls in a family were having no right toward the heritage of the family, and had no voice to discuss the a affairs for the family. Although in fact it is believed from the beginning Bali women is some cases acting as the pillar of the family, head of the family and master of the market. Being a balinese girl in the past would put the position less secure in her won family and after her move to their husband, also totally under the full control of her husband or mother or father in low. However this foolish tradition gradually change after the independence of Indonesia, when both boys and girls got the same opportunity for education Her voice has been started to be heard, her expertise have been started to be counted for the position of higher level of profession. The same case happened to her love life, as in the past of Bali the girl was not free to express her feeling of love or to choose her partner. Her fate of love was decided by her father or grand father, and she was to accept without any condition.
With the equal education opportunity and information era also penetrated Balinese society the freedom got place. It is vaguely started as late as 1960s. The awareness of Balinese on the importance of education for their children, a noticeable movement started by 1970s, when families started to send their children to the cities to continue the education to a higher level. Supported by increasing opportunities also is the economic sector nurtured by tourism business, most families starting 1980s were able to send their children both girls or boys to continue education in big cities such as Denpasar and many cities in Java, where various education facilities are readily available. This new trend has given a great impact both for boys and Gadis Bali in translating the loose control from parents, especially those whose families are far away in the villages or small towns.
The opportunity for Gadis Bali to live away from their parents has been considered as freedom of life, not opportunity to upgrade their quality of life. Many gadis Bali then found themselves fall in the trap of practicing sex before legal marriage or even live in an abnormal style such as excessive consumerism in excess to their need. The graduation of a university or academy is only a symbol which make their life is not suitable for the demand of society. To many girls or boys have even fall to this situation, but a large parts are able to control themselves and found the new freedom a favorable place for them. This new trend was the fault of parents? It seems that is having to do with the culture, where old fashioned parents presumed different hope that is not clearly communicated both by government as the first hand who should responsible to bring their people to a better quality in life, and the school as the main hands of the government to elevate and in direct contact with the children. Then what is their ideal or philosophy? This must be answered by Balinese as a whole no trust to others.
Among various tour packages and tour options in Bali there are some tours which can be said always on the publications and interest a large part of travellers to Bali. Kintamani mountain tour sits at the first number as the most popular sightseeing tour, second is Taman Ayun and Tanah Lot tour, third is Uluwatu temple tour.