Topeng dance group
Topeng dance means mask dance, where dancer wearing mask as long as the dance is performed. Most topen dance is played by man with back ground music of complete gong instruments. It is probably that this type of dance is the oldest in Bali, since it is already recorded in 11th century, yet the type of dressing and musics are not known. At the time this dance was played village to village as amusement and was most porbable getting tip. Different to what we know since decades that topeng dance is performed during temple rituals and also family rituals. During family ritual normally on hire, but during temple ritual is voluntary if played at other temple which is not belong to the village where the group dancer live.
See from the type of dance there can be seen 3 characters, one is merely for show durin temple rituals, others for amusement. For ritual there is a dance performed by 1 person with various character which is called pajeg mask, or Sidakarya mask. Other type is a group of players each performs different character with different face, including those types for merely amusement dance and dialogue is performed, so like theatre. Almost all types wearing complex dressing and performed by man. Within the type of amusement dance one can see topeng dance is combined with other traditional theatre called arja act as the servants of a prominent person at a village. In this case mask is made half face and tend to perform jokes to amuse the audiences.
At dance school of Kokar at Batubulan village kabupaten Gianyar the students learn all type of mask or topeng dances, and its music back ground. It is good that many young generation of Bali still being interested by Bali traditional dances and many students can be seen to study at this senior middle school. At the higher level there is academy of art or Indonesian Institute of Art called ISI also exist in Denpasar and Jogyakarta which include also study on traditional dance and music.
Among various tour packages and tour options in Bali there are some tours which can be said always on the publications and interest a large part of travellers to Bali. Kintamani mountain tour sits at the first number as the most popular sightseeing tour, second is Taman Ayun and Tanah Lot tour, third is Uluwatu temple tour.
- Kintamani tour bring combination of watching barong dance, beautiful temple architecture, beautiful natural views, dance, carving, accessories and painting see description
- Taman Ayun and Tanah Lot temples are two historical heritages from 17th, Taman Ayun palace temple which is always found near palaces of Balinese king starting 18th century see description
- Uluwatu temple located on steep drop cliff on the southernmost tip of Bali island. see description