Kerta Gosha is the ancient house of justice located in the center of Klungkung city which also known as floating pavilion. Klungkung is one of the capital of Balinese kingdom after 1550 following the retirement of Balinese famous king Dalem Waturenggong. The city of Klungkung is 47 km from Denpasar, or 62 kms from Kuta, and 76 kms from Nusa Dua area. Today with the opening of the road on the beach of south Bali until south beach of Klungkung the distance is only 1.5 hours drive from Denpasar compared to via old road that passing many towns and cities in the inner part of Bali which take normally 2.5 hours.
As mentioned above Kerta Gosha is an ancient court house of Justice belong to the kingdom of Bali. Physically it looks like a floating pavilion on one of the roof of the pavilion is painted with strange pictures. The pictures depict the punishment of wrong doers in the heaven. For example if a man during his life has many women or can not be single loyalty will be punished with heavy burden to hold many women until he is lay waste and become a joke of others. If a woman during her life does not wish to have child also will be punished to feed her milk to a caterpillar, and many other ethical education to the people.
The Interest of Kerta Gosha
The interest of Kerta Gosha is not only of the traditional low of order but also the architecture and the story behind the existence of the pavilion. Klungkung became the center of Bali kingdom after the chaos of the kingdom during their center in Gelgel, a place around 3 km from current Klungkung city due to the coup d'etat by the minister of I Gusti Agung Maruti, while the Prince of the kingdom was still so young at the moment in the year of 1651. The only after the legal heirs of the kingdom getting his adultery Dewa Agung Mayun and Dewa Agung Jambe with the assistance of vassals of Badung, Buleleng, and Tabanan then I Gusti Agung Maruti was forced to withdraw from the throne. And Dewa Agung Jambe as the legal heir of the kingdom moved the capital of the kingdom to Semarapura which is known as Klungkung where he was hiding during the coup d'detat. Semarapura is known also as Smarajaya.
Klungkung of Semara Pura
Dewa Agung Jambe sit on the throne of Klungkung kingdom from 1710 to 1775 as the first king of Klungkung kingdom with control to all vassals in Bali. Starting the period of Klungkung actually the friction among vassals in Bali had been started, for example Karangasem kingdom which washeaded not by direct descendant of the king, but from the family called Arya the descendant of one of high dignitaries, extending their influence to Buleleng, Lombok and Sumbawa, Badung and Mengwi independently extending their influence to other areas, even Buleleng and Mengwi conflicting to take power on Banyuwangi, east Java. The process of breaking of Bali started in a real pace, although all king still consider the highest king is Dewa Agung, not I Gusti Agung thus means Klungkung is still considered the highest king. Even after the throne of Klungkung was handled by the third king that was Dewa Agung Di Made II, 1825 - 1870, the weakening of the control of Klungkung become reality. Bali broke into 10 small kingdoms which were always conflicting for emporium. Those small kingdom all governed by I Gusti, only Gianyar and Bangli were ruled by the king descendant the I Dewa, and we record the existing kingdom of Buleleng, Badung, Karangasem, Gianyar, Bangli, Tabanan, Mengwi, Payangan, Jembrana, including Klungkung itself become small kingdom. It can be said that Kerta Gosha had been neglected as social function since the period of Dewa Agung Dimade II which already 230 years now.
One of Best Historical Heritages
Balinese spirit who always respected ancient heritages the existence of the pavilion and its environment still preserved and maintained by the family of the king, until the independence of Indonesia in 1945 which is now by the palace of Klungkung. While after the independence the maintenance is taken over by local government of Klungkung. Balinese society long time before the power of 10 small kingdoms broke some of law orders are based on myth, one is symbolized by the floating pavilion of Kerta Gosha. Indeed it is a pride, compared to direct law order by the king himself without the body that take in charge, it would be better in practicing equality before the law.Bali History
Gunung Kawi Rock Carving
Guwa Gajah Stone Carving
Kerta Gosha Tribunal Pavilion
Le Mayeur Museum
Yeh Pulu Rock Panel
Among various tour packages and tour options in Bali there are some tours which can be said always on the publications and interest a large part of travellers to Bali. Kintamani mountain tour sits at the first number as the most popular sightseeing tour, second is Taman Ayun and Tanah Lot tour, third is Uluwatu temple tour.
- Kintamani tour bring combination of watching barong dance, beautiful temple architecture, beautiful natural views, dance, carving, accessories and painting see description
- Taman Ayun and Tanah Lot temples are two historical heritages from 17th, Taman Ayun palace temple which is always found near palaces of Balinese king starting 18th century see description
- Uluwatu temple located on steep drop cliff on the southernmost tip of Bali island. see description